Embedded vs. Non-embedded Deductibles
Confused about how your health plan’s deductible works? You’re not alone, so we’ve put together this short blog on the differences between embedded and non-embedded deductibles.
There are two basic types of deductibles for family coverage, and knowing which one you have and how it works will help you plan for out-of-pocket health care expenses.
A deductible is the amount you must pay out-of-pocket for medical care before the insurance company will begin paying. For example, if you have an $800 deductible, you will have to pay for all health care costs until you’ve reached $800. After that, your insurance will start paying, although you may owe a copay or coinsurance amount. The deductible starts over annually.
The deductible may not apply to all health care services, such as preventive care, which is covered without any cost sharing for non-grandfathered plans under the Affordable Care (ACA). In addition, not every medical expense you have counts toward your deductible; for example, if you have a service such as plastic surgery, which is not a covered benefit, those out-of-pocket expenses won’t help
Deductibles with Family Coverage
Insurance plans can cover an individual or a family. If the plan is for family coverage, the deductible can be designed as either an embedded or non-embedded deductible.
Embedded Deductibles Embedded deductibles have two components: the individual deductibles for each family member and the family deductible. When a family member meets his or her individual deductible, the insurance company will begin paying according to the plan’s coverage for that member. If only one person meets an individual deductible, the rest of the family still has to pay their deductibles.
However, out-of-pocket expenses used to meet an individual deductible are also counted toward meeting the family deductible, which is generally two to four times larger than an individual deductible. Depending on your specific plan, once two or three family members meet their individual deductibles, you will likely have met your family deductible. Keep in mind that after an individual meets his or her deductible, coinsurance or copays typically will not count toward the family deductible.
Once the family deductible is met, all family members will have medical expenses paid according to the plan’s coverage, even if they have not met their own individual deductibles. Having an embedded deductible is most common for non-high deductible health plans (HDHP).
Non-embedded Deductibles A non-embedded, or aggregate, deductible is simpler than an embedded deductible. With a non-embedded deductible, there is only a family deductible. All family members’ out-of-pocket expenses count toward the family deductible until it is met, and then they are all covered with the health plan’s usual copays or coinsurance. It doesn’t matter if one person incurs all the expenses that meet the deductible or if two or more family members contribute toward meeting the family deductible. The non-embedded deductible is most common in HDHPs.
Regardless of which type of deductible your plan uses, remember that you will need to pay that amount out of pocket before your insurance will start paying. Understanding how your deductible works will help you plan and save for your family’s medical expenses.